The Dutch approach to preventing teenage pregnancy has often been considered a model by other countries. The program focuses on values, attitudes, communication and negotiation skills, and the biological aspects of reproduction. The media has encouraged open dialogue, and the health system guarantees confidentiality and a worthless approach. [105] Teen pregnancy is treated as an urgent social problem in the United States. Scientists, politicians, interest groups and the media have contributed to this view. On the other hand, teenage pregnancy is not considered a problem in its own right in Sweden. The differences are explained and discussed. Pregnant adolescents often present to medical facilities with physical ailments that are not necessarily related to pregnancy. Diagnostic assessment and referral are critical to prenatal, postnatal and positive outcomes for the adolescent mother and her child. There are essentially two main views and explanations for teenage pregnancy, and these views are contradictory. The first is that teenage pregnancy is a serious problem that requires prevention and intervention.

The other is the view, expressed by Upadhya and Ellen in 2011, that teenage pregnancy is a problem of social inequality. Johnson 2014 discusses the link between teenage pregnancy and poverty. Banerjee et al. 2009 argue that it is a social health hazard. Rich-Edwards in 2002 and Lawlor and Shaw in 2002 made a similar point that teenage pregnancy in the United States is not a public health crisis. Nevertheless, Chambers et al. 2001 Gender, Culture and Service must reduce the harm inflicted by society. A good example of the perspective of the problem is explained by Holgate 2012.

As a problem, teenage pregnancy is seen as something that needs to be controlled and managed. As a health issue, safety comes first, followed closely by adolescent developmental issues. Independently of their own statement, Calvin et al. 2009 discuss the right of adolescent parents to participate in decisions that affect their families and children and children. Of course, in Linders and Bogard 2014 and Duncan et al. 2010, there is a real conflict about teenage parenting. Yet the reality is that adolescent girls, especially young girls who become pregnant, are at risk of physical complications due to the immaturity of their bodies. This is especially problematic with child brides. Getting pregnant at too young an age carries many risks and physical problems. Given the social context, even older teens can face daunting opportunities when trying to raise their child(ren). The challenge for professionals is to respect the human rights of the adolescent and meet their physical and emotional needs as they approach adulthood. To improve teen pregnancy outcomes, Montgomery et al.

2014 address the issue through legislation. Macleod 2014 suggests that the issues can be better understood and addressed as a feminist issue. Since depression and teenage pregnancy occur during adolescence, the author examines conditions that correlate with postpartum depression in low-income teenage mothers. Perceived stress and anxious strength were the best predictors of the severity of postpartum depression symptoms in adolescents. This study is another attempt to explain the decline in teen pregnancy rates in the United States. Decreased sexual activity and improved contraceptive use were used to determine whether they partly explained the decline in teenage pregnancy rates. The authors attributed 86% of the decline to improved contraception. This study examined the suggestion that depression puts teenage mothers at risk for a second pregnancy. About 269 teenage girls, mostly low-income African-American girls, participated in the study. Girls who scored high on depression experienced more subsequent pregnancies than girls with lower depression scores. Concern about the age at which a young woman should give birth has persisted throughout human history.

The authors argue that labeling teen pregnancy as a public health issue has little to do with public health and more to do with being socially unacceptable culturally and economically. If you want to get pregnant again, talk to your gynecologist-obstetrician about the best time to try again. Take time to recover emotionally and physically before trying to get pregnant again. You can also wait until you`ve had your period in order to more easily calculate the due date of your next pregnancy. Pregnancy puts a lot of physical strain on the body, but it is also important to consider the psychological well-being of pregnant teenagers. With the prospect of labor and birth ahead of them and, if they decide to raise the baby, with their whole life changed by parenthood, it is not uncommon to experience stress, anxiety or even prenatal depression. Talking therapies can be helpful for pregnant teens to accept their situation and talk about their concerns in a safe and confidential environment. Parents may also benefit from therapy, as it can be difficult for them to deal with significant changes in their daughter`s life. If access to a psychotherapist is not possible, look elsewhere in your community. School counselors and local teen pregnancy support groups are good examples of places you can turn to for emotional support. There are a few additional signs of early pregnancy that are not as common. Just like the most common symptoms, these signs of pregnancy may or may not occur.

It is important to remember that everyone is different and experiences the signs of pregnancy differently. The best way to know you`re pregnant is to take a pregnancy test. Pregnancy tests are available at your local pharmacy or grocery store without a prescription. Children in foster care are more likely than their peers to become pregnant in adolescence. The national Casey Alumni Study, which surveyed alumni from 23 communities across the United States, found that the birth rate of girls in foster care was more than double that of their peers outside the foster care system. A University of Chicago study of teenage girls who left foster care in Illinois, Iowa and Wisconsin found that nearly half of women were pregnant by age 19. The Utah Department of Human Services found that girls who left the foster care system between 1999 and 2004 had a birth rate nearly three times higher than that of girls in the general population. [99] If you missed your period and received a positive pregnancy test, your next step is to call your doctor for your first appointment. When planning, your provider may ask if you have ever started taking a prenatal vitamin with folic acid.