There is also some legislative control over the judiciary, with legislators being able to conduct impeachment proceedings.  The first attempt to indict a chief justice in 2003 was crushed by the Supreme Court. : 366–367 Corona was indicted in 2012, the first time a chief justice has been indicted in Philippine history.  Impeachment proceedings were also initiated against his successor Maria Lourdes Sereno. However, she was removed through a quo warranto procedure before the impeachment proceedings.  A quasi-judicial body may rule on points of law, but only on the basis of the existing legal basis. : 9 They have no real judicial power. :7 These include: “Puno is an unlikely revolutionary. He was appointed to the bank by the late dictator Ferdinand Marcos and, at 67, has only three years left to reach the mandatory retirement age of 70.
But that deadline has only pushed Puno to accelerate the pace of its agenda — purging the notoriously corrupt judiciary and creating legal accountability for the recent spate of political assassinations. In an interview, Puno said the killings were “like a repeat of the last years of the Marcos administration.” ~ “The nationally televised five-month trial gripped the nation as a soap opera, with moving testimony, political drama and parallel family drama. Prosecutors, most of whom are allies of Aquinos in the House of Commons, argued that Corona concealed his wealth and offered “lame excuses” to evade public accountability. Corona said he amassed his fortune through foreign currency while still a student. Reputation. Rodolfo Farinas, one of the prosecutors, mocked the 63-year-old judge, saying he “wants us to believe that when he was in fourth grade in 1959, he was such a visionary that he had already started buying dollars.” “It is clear that these are apologies and lies made before the Senate and the entire world,” Farinas said in Monday`s closing arguments, adding that Corona had declared less than 2% of what he actually owned in his statement on assets, liabilities and net worth. /* The Philippine legal system is essentially a mixture of civil and common law regimes. This was a direct result of the successive occupation of the country by Spain and the United States in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, respectively.
In addition, there is a mix of civil and common law, indigenous customary law and a separate and distinct Muslim legal system for the Muslim minority. (www.aseanlawassociation.org/legal-phil) In January 2014, Delon Porcalla wrote in the Philippine Star: “For the umpteenth time, President Aquino yesterday rejected proposals to reinstate the death penalty after the flood of crimes in the country. Aquino said the country`s justice system is far from perfect, citing cases of innocent people convicted of crimes they didn`t commit simply because they couldn`t hire good lawyers. The President reiterated that he would not allow the reinstatement of the death penalty until there was certainty that only those found guilty would be punished and innocent people would be released. [Source: Delon Porcalla, Philippine Star, 30. January 2014] The Philippine judicial system follows the following hierarchy. Civil and criminal proceedings are brought before the courts of first instance. Each court of first instance is presided over by a judge. The decisions of the courts of first instance may, in turn, be reviewed by the Court of Appeal, which consists of 23 chambers spread geographically throughout the country. There are three judges in each division.
At the top of the judicial hierarchy is the Supreme Court, which consists of 15 judges. Cases brought before the Supreme Court are heard either in plenary or in division. Currently, the Supreme Court has three divisions. The Supreme Court consists of a President of the Supreme Court and fourteen associate judges who head the judiciary. It has jurisdiction in the first instance to hear cases involving ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, as well as applications for wrinctive and writs of habeas corpus; It has jurisdiction to appeal in all cases where the constitutionality of a treaty, law, presidential decree, proclamation, ordinance or regulation is challenged. The Supreme Court may also appeal in criminal cases involving life imprisonment. This is the basis for the realization of the ASEAN Community by providing the legal status and institutional framework of ASEAN. It also codifies ASEAN norms, rules and values, sets clear objectives for ASEAN; and represents accountability and compliance. Detailed commentaries on the Charter can be found in the following book: The Philippines is plagued by violent crime, with weapons readily available and even used in minor conflicts. Supporters of the death penalty fear that the repeal could lead to an increase in crime. The suspension comes days before Arroyo travels to the Vatican for an audience with Pope Benedict XVI. Some analysts see the abolition of the death penalty as an attempt to win bishops` support for the president`s plan to move to a parliamentary system of government.
Others say Arroyo is trying to dispel church opposition to government efforts to restart mining. Some of the secondary sources of legislation are vital legal documents, published by Central Book Supply, containing a compilation of Presidential Decrees (1973).