General Yahya Khan succeeded his predecessor, President Ayub Khan, to restore law and order in Pakistan, which had deteriorated in the last days of the Ayub regime. [3] Yahya promised to convert the country to democracy and to hold direct elections for this purpose. [3] However, General Yahya also had to decide how the two wings of the country, East Pakistan and West Pakistan, should be represented. [4] Although geographically smaller and separated from West Pakistan by the full width of India, East Pakistan (formerly East Bengal) accounted for more than half of the national population and was mainly inhabited by Bengalis. Allegations of ethnic discrimination and lack of representation have led to unrest and conflict between Pakistan`s two wings. [3] The Awami League, the largest political party in East Pakistan, supported Bengali nationalism and sought greater autonomy for the province, which most West Pakistanis considered secessionist. [4] Our editors will review what you have submitted and decide whether or not to revise the article. WHEREAS it is necessary to ensure a smooth and orderly transition; Contrary to Yahya Khan`s view that the Awami League would not win the elections in the East Wing,[12] the Awami League won all but two seats in East Pakistan, won a majority in the National Assembly, and therefore did not need the support of a West Pakistan political party. Since the LFO has not set rules for the constitution-writing process, a government controlled by the Awami League will oversee the adoption of a new constitution by a simple majority. [4] Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto`s Pakistan People`s Party, which has become the largest political party in West Pakistan, has said it will boycott the new legislature, greatly escalating tensions. After the talks failed, General Yahya postponed the convening of the legislature, a move that sparked a full-blown rebellion in East Pakistan and led to the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971.

[3] [4] The Legal Framework Ordinance 1970 (LFO) was a decree of the then President of Pakistan, General Agha Muhammad Yahya Khan, who established the political principles and laws for the 1970 parliamentary elections, which were the first direct elections in Pakistan`s history. [1] [2] The LFO also dissolved West Pakistan`s One Unit programme and restored the four provinces of Punjab, Sindh, Balochistan and the North West Frontier Province. [1] [2] Pakistan would be a democratic country and the full name of the country would be the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. CONSIDERING that general elections to the National Assembly and Provincial Assemblies will be held on 10 October 2002 and those for the Senate on 12 November 2002; The LFO responded to a long-standing demand of the Bengalis by accepting proportional representation, much to the chagrin of many West Pakistanis who opposed the idea of an East Pakistani-led government. [4] Many East Pakistanis criticized the LFO`s reservation that the president had the power to authenticate the constitution. Yahya Khan assured Bengal that this was only a procedural formality and was necessary for the democratization of the country. [10] Yahya Khan ignored intelligence reports about India`s increasing influence in East Pakistan and the fact that Mujib intended to tear up the LFO after the elections. [11] Yahya Khan met with the governor of East Pakistan, Vice Admiral Ahsan, and concluded that Sheikh Mujib would moderate his demands after the elections. Yahya issued the Legal Framework Ordinance (LFO) on 30 March 1970 with the aim of securing the future constitution. [5] The LFO called for direct elections for a unicameral parliament, the National Assembly of Pakistan. The LFO decreed that the assembly should have 313 seats.

[4] [6] Departing from the precedent of Pakistan`s 1956 Constitution, which provided for parity between the two wings, the LFO demanded proportional representation and gave the more populous East Pakistan 169 seats for West Pakistan`s 144. [6] [4] The LFO stipulated that the National Assembly must create a new constitution for the State of Pakistan within 120 days of its convocation, but reserved the right to approve the constitution to the President[7] and left the rules of the process in the hands of the new Assembly. [4] New elections would be called if the Assembly failed to reach an agreement within 120 days – all wording and agreements proposed by political parties would require “authentication” by the president. [8] The LFO also abolished the One Unit system, which had combined the four provinces of the West Wing into the political unity of West Pakistan. [3] [4]. The LFO also stipulated that the future constitution should contain five principles. [9] . in a document called the Legal Framework Ordinance (LFO). In addition to extending Musharraf`s term, the LFO expanded the president`s powers and increased the number of members of both houses of the legislature. Parliamentary elections were held in October under restrictions imposed by the LFO and Musharraf`s adopted political party,..